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Waste-to-energy (WtE) or energy-from-waste (EfW) is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and/or heat from the primary treatment of waste. WtE is a form of energy recovery. Most WtE processes produce electricity and/or heat directly through combustion, or produce a combustible fuel commodity, such as methane, methanol, ethanol or synthetic fuels.
The first incinerator or "Destructor" was built in Nottingham UK in 1874 by Manlove, Alliott & Co. Ltd. to the design of Albert Fryer.
The first US incinerator was built in 1885 on Governors Island in New York, NY.
The first waste incinerator in Denmark was built in 1903 in Frederiksberg
The first facility in Czech Republic was built in 1905 in Brno.
Incineration, the combustion of organic material such as waste with energy recovery, is the most common WtE implementation. All new WtE plants in OECD countries incinerating waste (residual MSW, commercial, industrial or RDF) must meet strict emission standards, including those on nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulphur dioxide (SO2), heavy metals and dioxins. Hence, modern incineration plants are vastly different from old types, some of which neither recovered energy nor materials. Modern incinerators reduce the volume of the original waste by 95-96 percent, depending upon composition and degree of recovery of materials such as metals from the ash for recycling.
Seychelles (i/seɪˈʃɛlz/say-SHELZ; French: [sɛʃɛl]), officially the Republic of Seychelles (French:République des Seychelles; Creole: Repiblik Sesel), is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean. The 115-island country, whose capital is Victoria, lies 1,500 kilometres (932mi) east of mainland East Africa. Other nearby island countries and territories include Comoros, Mayotte, Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius to the south.
The Seychelles were uninhabited throughout most of recorded history. Some scholars assume that Austronesian seafarers and later Maldivian and Arab traders were the first to visit the uninhabited Seychelles. The earliest recorded sighting by Europeans took place in 1502 by the Portuguese Admiral Vasco da Gama, who passed through the Amirantes and named them after himself (islands of the Admiral). The earliest recorded landing was in January 1609, by the crew of the "Ascension" under Captain Sharpeigh during the fourth voyage of the British East India Company.
While Seychelles has made great strides in environmental conservation, there is still much more work to be done in other sustainability areas, such as water, energy, and waste management, creating meaningful connections between tourism and the community, and raising awareness of sustainability among tourism employees and operators.
To help push Seychelles towards an improved waste management infrastructure, the Seychelles Breweries ... “I applaud Seychelles Breweries for putting the effort in addressing not just sustainability but also energy, water use, waste and environmental protection,” said the minister.
Experts from the International Finance Corporation (IFC) met with government officials and stakeholders dealing with waste management and energy yesterday morning, as Seychelles works towards transforming the current waste management system, through the establishment of a waste to energy facility.
The project will also create investment opportunities that will benefit the Seychelles’ transformative economic agenda of diversification of the economy through creating diversity in livelihoods, reinforcing local resilience, contributing to poverty reduction as well as reducing the amount of solid waste that is being directed to the landfill.
S4S is a local NGO that aims to promote sustainable practices in Seychelles, such as reducing waste, maximising energy and water efficiency, and reducing carbon footprints ... incentives to help businesses adopt more sustainable practices regarding waste management, energy and water.
To have a full experience of the destination, get familiar with the uniqueness of Seychelles even before you arrive ... Many conscious tourism partners make an impact through small gestures towards the environment by making use of renewable energy, having an effective waste management system, recycling, or even building using renewable materials.
Environmental performance through key performance indicators for water, waste and energy consumption is very important for Seychelles Breweries Limited (SBL) and its parent company Diageo ... The sustainability agenda is a key pillar of Diageo’s corporate strategy and the improvements we are making on site at Seychelles Breweries reflects this.
Although the election commission has yet to set a definite date for the presidential election in 2020, the political parties in Seychelles are gearing up to start their campaigns ...United Seychelles comes out when it is necessary, similar to it, United Seychelles does not waste its energy unnecessarily,” Mr Faure added.
Photovoltaic through roof and farm installations has been seen as the best renewable energy source for Seychelles in its target to achieve 15% renewable energy by 2030 ... Mr Maciel, along with two other colleagues from EDP, were deliberating on several renewable energy options that Seychelles can adopt.
...Mall by MinisterWallace Cosgrow and Dr PatriceTalla Takoukam, FAO representative for Seychelles ... Bioenergy – whereby the project will help to strengthen the capacity of Seychelles to use alternative energy sources using natural waste such as food, plant and fish remains.
The Seychelles’ environment ministry is looking into the possibility of building a waste-to-energy plant and having a more sustainable waste management strategy, a top official said on Monday ... With land being scarce in Seychelles -- a 115-island archipelago in the western Indian Ocean -- the government has been looking at ways to reduce waste.
Early 2019, the Government intention to launch an expression of interest for any local or international companies to provide their idea on the waste to energy. As a Small Island Developing State (SIDS), Seychelles has already embarked on the path to embrace renewable energy for its sustainable development.